valuation logoREAL ESTATE VALUATIONS / APPRAISALS
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Very often clients ask me: "What is the difference between an Appraisal and a Valuation?".
There is a difference and it is important to know when a formal valuation is required as opposed to obtaining an appraisal.

An appraisal is simply an estimate or an opinion of a property's current market worth, considering what the market is responding to and other factors. They are only intended as a guide to pricing and are generally only requested by potential vendors to get a ‘feel' for the local market. Appraisals are usually offered as a service by real estate agencies, or can be requested from real estate salespeople. Appraisals are not definitive and have no legal standing.
When requesting an appraisal, it is recommended that you contact a real estate agent who is familiar with the area in which your property is located.

A formal valuation is a written report prepared on the property and a fee is charged for this service.
It can only be conducted by a qualified Valuer who has undertaken prescribed education and training in this field to ensure that they take into account all features and issues relating to a particular property. Valuing is a complex task and will take some time to complete. A formal valuation will take into account things such as:
  • The location of the property
  • The surroundings of the property
  • The building structure and its condition
  • Building/structural faults
  • Features of the home
  • Caveats or encumbrances on the property
  • Local zoning
  • Additional features of the property (particularly relevant in rural areas)

Valuations are required when a definitive value is needed. Reasons for this include a property settlement, obtaining finance from a lending institution or establishing the value of a deceased estate. A Court may also order that a valuation be obtained as part of the process of resolving a dispute.
If you do require the best indication of price, engage the services of a qualified Valuer so that you can be sure of the true value of your property.

Having worked as Real Estate Broker since 1994, and additionally as Valuer from 1997, I obtained a wealth of experience and knowledge pertaining the Real Estate Industry, as well as the trends and values of Real Estate in Trinidad and Tobago. Especially in the South Western peninsula of Trinidad, where I am based.
Since 1994 Siparia Real Estate Agency is a Registered Business and since 1995 regulated by the Association of Real Estate Agents (AREA). Additionally the company is FIU registered (Financial Intelligence Unit) since 2011, and RICS (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors) Registered since 2015, and RICS Regulated since 2019.
RICS is Nation wide acknowledged by our Government institutions, Attorneys, the banks and and other Governmental and financial Institutions in Trinidad and Tobago, as the world leader in standards and qualifications in land, property, infrastructure and construction.
An RICS professional designation is an internationally recognised and respected mark of excellence and integrity, and every RICS Member will use it with pride and play their personal part in promoting the vital contribution of our professions to successful markets, economies and wider society.
With the RICS professional status comes obligations to meet the high standards our clients and stakeholders expect from us. Qualifying as a professional is the beginning of a lifelong pursuit of best practice reinforced by continued learning and development (CPD) and underpinned by the RICS rules of conduct on all aspects of professionalism from technical competence to ethical practice.
For more info on the RICS please check their Website at: rics.org

HOW DOES THE VALUATION PROCESS WORK, WHAT DOCUMENTS ARE REQUIRED, AND WHAT IS THE COST?

The first stage of the valuation process is to collect as much information as possible concerning the property to be valued. We also need to get some information of the Applicant (the person requesting the valuation) as well as the purpose of the valuation. This allows us to give you the best possible guidance and advice.

We do Valuations for the following:
  • Home Insurances.
  • Legal matters, such as Conveyances (Deed Transfers), Wills or Deed of Gift.
  • Attorneys-at-Law.
  • Private purposes, if for example you want to sell and find out the value.
  • Tax / BIR purposes.
  • Governmental purposes.
  • Select Credit Unions in the South-Western peninsula.
We do Valuations on the following types of properties:
  • House and land.
  • Land alone.
  • Commercial land.
  • Homesteads.
  • Agricultural land (crops or produce not included).
  • Small commercial buildings (e.g. home shops or parlours).
  • Small malls (max. 10 shops or less).

Please note: By choice we don't do valuations for loan or mortgage purposes for the banks. However, we do valuations for selected Credit Unions.
I also have to mention that we prefer to stay in the South Western peninsula of Trinidad. To give an idea of the area we cover; if you draw a line on the map of Trinidad starting from Retrench Village / Golconda (just to the East of San Fernando), straight down to the South Coast, we handle all areas to the West (left) of that line, all the way to Icacos.
If you need a valuation outside of this area, we will refer you to our RICS regulated Associate that handles your area.

If it is determined the valuation can be done by us for the by you intended purpose, you will be requested to fill out and sign a Letter of Engagement which not only states that you request our company to carry out the valuation on your behalf, but also the Terms of the Engagement.

The next stage is setting up an appointment to do the site viewing and inspection of your property.
Before or at the time of the site viewing and inspection, a deposit (see price table at the end of this page) is required. The balance (if any) is paid when you collect the Valuation Report.
In general the Valuation Report will be ready within 5 to 10 work days after the site visit.
In case you are not in Trinidad or you can not be present at the time of the inspection, the required documents as well as the Valuation Report can be sent by e-mail (see "Upon completion" paragraph below) and the payments can be made by bank to bank wire transfer, or Western Union (preferred).
However, at the time of the site visit and inspection, we do need someone to be present who is familiar with the property, to firstly confirm the location and boundaries.
Secondly, to avoid us being considered as trespassers.
And thirdly, in case there is also a building that needs to be valued, someone has to open up and let us in.

List of required documents if the Property to be valued is ...

Freehold Land with or without building: Copies of:
  • The Deed
  • Cadastral Sheet (Surveyor map). If not available, at your request we can try to get it for you. Cost: TT$300.
  • The Receipt of the last paid Property Taxes (if available).
  • If available documentation of the relevant Approvals
Newly subdivided residential lots: Copies of:
  • The Deed of the Mother parcel
  • Final Town & Country Approvals
  • Cadastral Sheet (Surveyor map). If not available, at your request we can try to get it for you. Cost: TT$300.
  • The Receipt of the last paid Property Taxes (if available).
  • In case the lots are not yet final approved; the Outline Approvals together with the stipulated terms & conditions
    to obtain Final Approvals
Older subdivided residential lots that
are being sold for the first time:
Copies of:
  • The Deed of the Mother parcel
  • Final Town & Country Approvals
  • Cadastral Sheet (Surveyor map). If not available, at your request we can try to get it for you. Cost: TT$300.
  • The Receipt of the last paid Property Taxes (if available).
  • In case the lots are not yet final approved; the Outline Approvals together with the stipulated terms & conditions
    to obtain Final Approvals
Leasehold land with or without building: Copies of:
  • The Leasehold Deed
  • Cadastral Sheet (Surveyor map). If not available, at your request we can try to get it for you. Cost: TT$300.
  • The Receipt of the last paid Property Taxes (if available).
  • If available documentation of the relevant Approvals
A building on rented land: Copies or Originals of:
  • Cadastral Sheet (Surveyor map). If not available, at your request we can try to get it for you. Cost: TT$300.
  • The receipt of the last paid rent
  • The Deed - If not available; copies or originals of the following:
  • At least 1 but preferably 2 utility bills in the name of the owner of the building
  • Receipt of the last paid Property Taxes of the building in the name of the owner of the building,
    to prove the building does not belong to the owner of the land.
Regularized squatting land with or without building: Copies or Originals of:
  • Certificate of Comfort
  • Cadastral Sheet (Surveyor map). If not available, at your request we can try to get it for you. Cost: TT$300.
  • The Receipt of the last paid Property Taxes (if available).
  • If available documentation of the relevant Approvals:
  • In case there is a building on the land; at least 1 but preferably 2 utility bills in the name of the owner of the building
  • Receipt of the last paid Property Taxes of the building in the name of the owner of the building
A building on squatting land: Copies or Originals of:
  • At least 1 but preferably 2 utility bills in the name of the owner of the building
  • The Receipt of the last paid Property Taxes (if available).

Aditionally and if available, for homes or dwellings that are built after 1984, the Town & Country Approvals or the Completion Certificate. Not available? ... No problem! The property can still be valued, but there is a chance you might not be able to do what the valuation report is intended for (e.g. selling the house to a buyer that needs a Mortgage). But don't worry, we'll advised you accordingly.


Appointment Time:
In connection with other bookings it is preferred to book the appointment for the site viewing and inspection at least one to two weeks in advance.
The day before the site visit, I will contact you to confirm.


Site viewing of Residential and Agricultural land without buildings:
We need to see as many accessible boundaries or markers as possible. If you have dogs or other potentially dangerous animals, regardless of size and friendliness, please secure them safely. This includes bulls, cows, goats, sheep, pigs .... etc.
Estimated time of site visit and inspection: Residential land: approximately 20 to 30 minutes. Agricultural land: depends on the accessibility, and the size of the land.


Inspection of a building:
We need to measure the exterior of the building, so please make sure all sides of the building are free of debris and can be accessed. Interior access to the entire building is also required for the inspection.
If you have dogs or other potentially dangerous animals, regardless of size and friendliness, please make sure to secure them safely.
If you have tenants occupying the property, please give them ample notice, and the day before the appointment a reminder that access to their home is required for inspection. It is preferred the tenants are present, or make arrangements for someone they trust to let us inside.
It is also very important that the tenants are going to be cooperative, on time, not obstructive, and allow the valuer access throughout their entire apartment of house.
Estimated time of site visit and inspection of the building: approximately 2 hours, more or less depending on the size.


Upon completion of the Valuation Report you have the option to:
  1. Collect the report at the office, either by yourself or a Lawful Representative appointed by you. This can be a relative or friend. In case of the latter two, they need to bring 2 forms of ID.
  2. Have the report converted to a PDF file and e-mailed to you. Keep in mind however that if you need the report for Legal Purposes, it is recommended to have the original report with the genuine signature of the valuer.
  3. If you wish both, the hard copies plus a PDF file e-mailed to you, an additional TT$100. (US$16) will be charged.
  4. If you wish, for an additional fee the report can be hand delivered (South Western peninsula only). The cost will be calculated according the location.
Please note: We do not send original reports by ordinary mail or Courier Services.

You will receive:
  1. 2 Original hard copies (or the PDF file) of the Valuation Report, signed and dated by the Valuer.
    Or by your request and an additional fee, both the hard copies plus the PDF file of the Valuation Report.
  2. All the documents you handed over to us (e.g. Deed(s), Cadastral Sheet(s), Approvals Utility bills ... etc).
  3. If requested and applied for by you: The Cadastral Sheet(s) of your property we obtained from Land & Survey.
  4. An itemized receipt.

The cost of a Valuation depends on what kind of property it is; e.g. residential or agricultural land, land only or house and land, a commercial building ... etc.
In general in Trinidad and Tobago the cost for a valuation is part of a percent of the value of the property. This can be 1/2, 1/3, or 1/4%, depending on the property and value.
However, I prefer the cost calculation to be more transparent, and therefore we have set fees which are as follows:

PRICE TABLE:
Residential land without building up to 1 acre: TT$1,000 (US$150). Deposit: TT$500 (US$75).
Residential land up to 1 acre with building: TT$0.75 (US$0.11) per square foot of the total floor area of the main building, all annexes, extensions, garages, storage spaces, enclosed or open covered areas, and all other attached or detached buildings or structures belonging to the property. The minimum fee and deposit is TT$1,500 (US$220). A quick calculation will show that TT$1,500 @ TT$0.75 per square foot, covers a floor area of 2,000 sq.ft.
Anything over 2,000 sq.ft. of floor area is an additional TT$0.75 per sq.ft.
Please note that for a residential house on a parcel of land less than 1 acre, the land is included in this price, unless the valuation is on the land only without the building(s) situated on the land.
Residential land up to 1 acre with apartment building: An apartment building is considered to be commercial real estate. Any real property leased to others is considered commercial property, regardless of whether the use is residential or commercial in nature.
The cost for the valuation on a Residential house with Tenants is TT$1.00 (US$0.15) per square foot of the total floor area of the main building, all annexes, extensions, garages, storage spaces, enclosed or open covered areas, and all other attached or detached buildings or structures belonging to the property. The minimum fee and deposit is TT$2,000 (US$295). A quick calculation will show that TT$2,000 @ TT$1.00 per square foot covers a floor area of 2,000 sq.ft.
Anything over 2,000 sq.ft. of floor area is an additional TT$1.00 per sq.ft.
Please note that for a rental residential building on a parcel of land less than 1 acre, we charge for the valuation of the building only. The valuation on the land is free, unless the valuation is on the land only without existing building(s) situated on the land.
Commercial land up to 1 acre without building: TT$1,500 (US$220). Deposit: TT$1,000 (US110).
Commercial land over 1 acre without building: Same as Agricultural land without building (see below).
Small commercial building on land up to 1 acre: TT$1.00 (US$0.15) per square foot of the total floor area of the main building, all annexes, extensions, garages, storage spaces, enclosed or open covered areas, and all other attached or detached buildings or structures belonging to the property. The minimum fee and deposit is TT$2,000 (US$300). A quick calculation will show that TT$2.000 @ TT$1.00 per square foot covers a floor area of 2,000 sq.ft.
Anything over 2,000 sq.ft. of floor area is an additional TT$1.00 per sq.ft.
Please note that for a small commercial/residential building on a parcel of land less than 1 acre, we charge for the valuation of the building only. The valuation on the land is free, unless the valuation is on the land only without the building(s) situated on the land.
Residential / Commercial building on land up to 1 acre: The residential part of the building: see price "Residential house and land up to 1 acre"
The commercial part of the building: see price "Small commercial building on land up to 1 acre"
Agricultural land without building:
  • From 1 to 5 acres TT$1,500 (US$220). Deposit: TT$1,000 (US$150).
  • From 5 to 10 acres TT$2,000 (US$300). Deposit: TT$1,500 (US$220).
  • From 10 to 50 acres TT$2,500 (US$370). Deposit: TT$2,000 (US$300).
  • From 50 to 100 acres TT$3,000 (US$440). Deposit: TT$2,500 (US$370).
  • Over 100 acres TT$3,500 (US$520). Deposit: TT$3,000 (US$440).
Agricultural land with building: For the building:

TT$0.75 (US$0.11) per square foot (of the building), with a minimum of TT$1,500 (US$220) for a Residential building, and for a Commercial building or Farm: TT$1.00 (US$0.15) per square foot (of the building), with a minimum of TT$2,000 (US$300).

And additionally for the land:

  • From 1 to 5 acres TT$1,000 (US$150). Deposit: TT$500 (US$75).
  • From 5 to 10 acres TT$1,500 (US$220). Deposit: TT$1,000 (US$150).
  • From 10 to 50 acres TT$2,000 (US$300). Deposit: TT$1,500 (US$220).
  • From 50 to 100 acres TT$2,500 (US$370). Deposit: TT$2,000 (US$300).
  • Over 100 acres TT$3,000 (US$440). Deposit: TT$2,500 (US$370).

Please note: For the total cost of the valuation or deposit add up the indicated figures of the building and the land.

IMPORTANT!: In general, Valuation Reports are valid for a period of 3 to 6 months especially for Legal purposes, such as a Conveyance (Title Transfer). If the Report is older than 6 months you'll have to get an updated Valuation Report. Also take into consideration that whatever the purpose is, it will usually take some time to get done what needs to be done, so make sure that the 6 months do not expire during this period. Therefore I recommend to only do a Valuation at the time you actually need it.
If the property in question is land only, it will only take about 1 week after the site visit to prepare the Report. In case it's house and land, it will take 10 to 14 days (depending on the building size). However, as mentioned above, when setting up the appointment for the site visit and inspection, there is a chance a date cannot be set within 1 to 2 weeks due to previous booked appointments. So as soon as you need a Valuation Report, get in touch with me at your earliest convenience to set the date and time of the site visit.
The best way to get in touch with me is via WhatsApp whatsapp or e-mail, as I am frequently out on site visits, at which time I do not answer my phone.
WhatsApp and e-mail are the most used methods I contact my clients, so please let me know if you have specific hours you prefer not to be contacted via WhatsApp.


CLICK HERE to fill out a Valuation Request Form.

Ronny Drappier   AssocRICS, RICS Registered Valuer, DipEng.

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Questions about Valuations? Do not hesitate to contact me.

Siparia Real Estate Agency
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2 Country Trace Junction,
Fanny Village, Point Fortin 700722,
Trinidad, West-Indies.
Office: (1 868) 648-4929
Cell: (1 868) 750-7127 or whatsapp me.
E-mail : sipreal@gmail.com

Office visits by appointment only!


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